United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Mr. Chairman,
Consumption is what ultimately sustains, and raises our living standards. It is
therefore inevitable that changing consumption and production patterns be
considered under sustainable development as set out in the Johannesburg Plan of
Since the Rio Summit in 1992, the basic premise for the international community
to move forward on this issue was to ensure that poverty reduction would
continue to be the main concern, through the pursuit of economic and social
development, grounded in the objective to produce less waste and pollution.
This very approach remains pertinent. However, its full expression has yet to be
reached. Despite declining global levels of poverty, there is also a stark
divergence of incomes in the world. This has in turn caused uneven
consumption, further aggravating imbalances. Meanwhile, the environmental
impacts and the cost of uneven consumption and unsustainable production
practice have trickled down to the poor, having a negative impact on their
quality of life.
This is the main challenge that we are seriously facing today. We therefore need
to reverse this trend, so that sustainable consumption and production patterns
become a constructive and positive force.
In my delegation?s view, there are three issues that need to be taken into
First, there needs to be a shift in mindset from the notion of ?growth first and
clean up later? to ?growth with equity?, which ultimately is the main premise of
sustainable development. This requires leadership at all levels with developed
countries taking the lead.
Second, there needs to be enabling policies to support eco-efficiency and cleaner
production methods. Governments must provide incentives for businesses to
choose more eco-efficient production methods.
Third, sustainable consumption and production needs a technological
revolution. With 6 billion people on this planet, the human extent of natural
resource use is unprecedented. Economic growth has been largely dependent on
resource using technologies. Now it is time to shift to resource saving
technologies. To make these technologies affordable for developing countries,
the Intellectual Property Rights regime for environmental technologies must be
more development oriented. Moreover, there should be a reduction and
elimination of tariffs on environmentally sound technologies. These are vital
global objectives.
In conclusion, Mr. Chairperson, Indonesia welcomes the work undertaken under
the Marrakech Process to develop a 10 year framework of programmes on SCP
and this process should be continued and link to the work of the Commission on
Sustainable Development.
I thank you.