United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Indonesia

Mr. Chairman,
Indonesia faces tremendous pressure from increasing waste generation. In coping with
this challenge, we enacted Law No. 18 year 2008 on solid waste management that
provides strategic direction and framework to manage solid waste by implementing the
principle of 3R, reduce, reuse, and recycle. It is important to undercore that the Law also
incorporates the concept of extended producer responsbility (EPR).
In efforts to promote sound waste management, Indonesian President has been anually
awarding ?The Clean City Awards? to mayors as form of recognition to their excellent
performance. Similarly, clean industries are also given a green and gold award for their
sound waste and hazardous waste management.
Further, We also intensify our bilateral, regional and multilateral cooperations. In this
juncture, we welcome and support regional initiatives promoting the 3R approach
including that of Japan. In our view, cooperation on wastes management, should first
and foremost, focus on enhancing capacities and capabilities of local governments to
manage wastes produced within the country.
Mr. Chairman,
In the light of the upcoming CSD policy session, we wish to highlight a number of
pertinent points:
First, while local government ultimately plays the central role in local waste
management, high-cost of treatment facilities, lack of capacity and technology has been
the main impediments for effective waste management. This has resulted in grave
environmental degradation in many countries.
Developing countries therefore have an urgent need to increase their capabilities in
dealing with wastes including hazardous waste. Partnerships between developed and
developing countries as well as partnership with the private sector and NGOs should be
explored to support local municipalities in setting-up environmental infrastructure,
technology transfer, and developing community-based initiatives.
Second, transboundary of hazardous waste is increasingly becoming serious problems.
Many developing countries are victims from toxic chemicals and other hazardous waste
including electronic and electric waste coming from developed countries. To this end,
international framework, monitoring and supervision to address these challenges should
be enhanced, including addressing transboundary movement of hazardous wastes
under the Basel Convention framework.
Third, we need to recognize that education and public awareness campaigns are vital in
promoting hazardous waste minimization and safe environmentally sound disposal.
Efforts toward this end should be intensified, including through a partnership between
government and the private sector. Governments should encourage industries to invest
in green processes and product policy that contribute to eco-friendly consumer
behaviour.
Mr. Chairman,
In conclusion, we recognize that inappropriate management of wastes and hazardous
wastes have severe effects on human health. Strengthening strategic collaboration
among local, regional, and international stakeholder is therefore imperative. In this
context, we welcome the recent adoption by the WHO of the Bali Declaration on Waste
Management and Human Health adopted during the COP 9 of Basel Convention held in
Bali, Indonesia in 2008. This action should be strengthened and continued through
concrete activities by all stakeholders as well as enhanced cooperation among
governments, private sectors and relevant organizations. Only through such strategic
collaboration will we carry out our concerted efforts to conserve our environment for
current and future generations.
Thank you.
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