United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

European Union

Fourteenth Session, New York, 01 ? 12 May 2006
Delivered version, 05 May 2005
Means of Implementation
Sub-regional, regional, and international cooperation in support of national efforts
to strengthen capacity-building and governance
· To achieve progress in each of the thematic issues, the significant barriers which
limit the use and the effectiveness of the means of implementation need to be
removed by strengthening their role and increasing the adoption of an integrated
approach in policy-making.
· The regional implementation meetings have clearly shown us that the challenges vary
between the different regions. There are substantial differences between
countries and regions not only when it comes to the causes of air pollution but also
in terms of the capacities and resources to address the challenges.
· National capacity to tackle air pollution and at the same time pursue other sustainable
development goals, such as eradicating poverty, achieving universal primary
education, providing safe water, sufficient food and energy, and combating climate
change, varies greatly between countries. We have to admit that there might not be a
"silver bullet" that can allow a country to meet all goals at the same time and that the
measures need to be adapted to the national capacities and taken stepwise to
improve and achieve the objectives of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
· Good governance, appropriate administrative, economic and legal frameworks,
a knowledge-based approach in which education plays a key role, and access to
adequate human, technical and financial resources are however common
requirements for reaching the MDGs and the JPOI goals. There are also plenty of
good experiences from various regions that can be used to identify ways forward.
· Changing unsustainable patterns of production and consumption is fundamental to
delivering progress in each of the thematic cluster issues. We recognise that it is the
responsibility of developed countries to take the lead in achieving this shift. We
particularly welcome the Marrakech process and the Marrakech task forces which
provide a vehicle for taking this commitment forward. The Marrakech Task Forces
are innovative, action-oriented fora that can address key issues for CSD. We should
support their work, and look forward to them delivering results over the next years.
The call for national action plans on SCP was also among the key outcomes of the
meeting in Costa Rica in September 2005. The EU has now committed to producing
an EU Sustainable Consumption and Production Action Plan by 2007. We recognise
that partnerships should foster and support the aims of the Marrakech process.
· Partnerships such as the Global Village Energy Partnership are working to promote
the integration of energy into the PRSP process.
· We believe that in the context of the MDGs, and in particular of MDG7, the
implementation of the Bali Strategic Plan for Technology Support and Capacity
building will contribute to achieving sustainable development and in delivering the
broader capacity building needs required to implement international and national
commitments. Also it is important to develop and apply common approaches for
strategic environmental assessment at the sector and national levels as stated in the
OECD Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness in 2005.
Better targeting of ODA and ensuring aid effectiveness
· Trade and access to markets is essential for developing countries to lift themselves
out of poverty. To achieve development which is truly sustainable we need to
increasingly take into account the potential impact of trade on the environment and
respond accordingly to enhance the mutual supportiveness between trade and
environment agreements.
· Financing remains a significant barrier to implementation. One of our objectives for
this cycle needs to be identifying options for bridging the finance gap for cleaner
energy technology and services. The recent World Bank Energy Week outlined
some of the risks and the options. We should seek to build on this work and
experience. Following the Gleneagles G8 Summit, the World Bank is leading on the
development of an Investment Framework for scaling up public and private
investment into low carbon technologies.
· Furthermore, also in support of this strong commitment to contributing to a global
sustainable development, the EU has adopted a timetable for Member States to
increase aid budgets and to achieve 0.7% of gross national income by 2015, with an
intermediate collective target of 0.56% by 2010, and calls on partners to follow this
lead. These commitments should see annual EU aid double to over ?66 billion in
Promoting transfer of technologies
· Inadequate development, lacking transfer and deployment of affo rdable, efficient and
environmentally sound technologies and in some cases high costs of these
technologies continue to hinder progress on each of the thematic issues.
· In many countries declining budgets for research and development are hampering
the ability of policy makers to find the most effective solutions to a number of the
challenges we face.
· We encourage the developed and developing world alike to remain focused on
continuing increasing energy efficiency, with developed countries taking the lead in
changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production and facilitating
technology transfer and technology related capacity building.