United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Dominican Republic

14th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-14)
Statement by the Representative of the Dominican Republic
Date: 5 May 2006
Session: Thematic Discussion: Enhancing means of implementation through sub-regional, regional, and
international cooperation
Delivered by: John R. Gagain Jr., Executive Director, Presidential Commission on the Millennium
Development Goals and Sustainable Development (COPDES)
www.copdes.gov.do
Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations ● 144 East 44th Street, 4th Floor ● New York, NY 10017
Tel: 212-867-0833/34 ● Fax: 212-986-4694 ● Web www.un.int/dr ● Email: drun@un.int 1
PERMANENT MISSION OF
THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
(Translated from Spanish to English)
Thank you Mr. Chairman.
Once again I would like to congratulate you on leadership and also to congratulate the members of the panel
on their excellent statements.
Mr. Chairman, Dr. Saghir from the World Bank mentioned that the challenges before us are not only
questions of financing but rather the reform of policies and strategies. And for these reasons the Dominican
Republic would like to respond and say it is both. It is not just a question of little capacity or a matter of
brain drain from the local communities for a variety of reasons, there is poverty, but because of the lack of
capacity, for example when we talk about energy, the promotion of renewable energy. The world situation
makes it more difficult to deal with this matter every day. So, in the Dominican Republic, to describe the
situation Mr. President, our GDP for example is approximately 29 billion dollars a year, our national budget
is 7.5 billion dollars a year. In the Dominican Republic we import 100% of our fuel, a percentage between 3
and 8% of that is devoted to hydroelectric power plants. The rest of the electricity generated in the
Dominican Republic is produced from petro-diesel and bunker fuels. 2.5 billion is spent from our national
budget is devoted to energy, as I said 100% of the fuel is imported.
Unfortunately we spend 35% of our national budget on energy, so as you can see we have a difficult
situation in terms of financing, but also in terms of the capacity to be able to use effectively alternative and
renewable sources of energy.
It is particularly unfortunate, due to the fact that we have the knowledge of concrete interventions because
we have carried out an MDG Needs Assessment and a Costing Analysis with the Millennium Project of the
United Nations and UNDP and other U.N. agencies in the Dominican Republic, because the Dominican
Republic is one of the pilot countries of the U.N. Millennium Project, we know what public intervention
must be carried out in order to attain the development goals, what key investments must be made in terms of
health, education and the environment.
14th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-14)
Statement by the Representative of the Dominican Republic
Date: 5 May 2006
Session: Thematic Discussion: Enhancing means of implementation through sub-regional, regional, and
international cooperation
Delivered by: John R. Gagain Jr., Executive Director, Presidential Commission on the Millennium
Development Goals and Sustainable Development (COPDES)
www.copdes.gov.do
Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations ● 144 East 44th Street, 4th Floor ● New York, NY 10017
Tel: 212-867-0833/34 ● Fax: 212-986-4694 ● Web www.un.int/dr ● Email: drun@un.int 2
PERMANENT MISSION OF
THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
However once again Mr. Chairman, we have to spend 35% of our national budget on energy.
To respond to your question Mr. Chairman of how we can strengthen cooperation, regionally, sub regionally
and internationally, I would like to say, first of all, all countries should have an opportunity to receive the
technical assistance from the Millennium Project & UNDP so as to form a strategic plan. We know what our
needs are, as the U.S. representative said, people live locally, in other words we in the Dominican Republic,
we are not only carrying out a needs assessment of the national level but also of the local level. If we want
to attain the MDGs, the Dominican Republic must evaluate the needs not only nationally but at the level of
every province so that we can see how to invest and how the increase in oil prices and all of the problems
that relate to energy affect the situation in our country.
In addition to strategic planning and the opportunities they entail, we would like to say that we must comply
with the financing needs, clearly with all of the figures we have mentioned today. It is a major challenge that
we have to devote a large percentage of our national budget to energy financing.
Lastly, we must strengthen national capacity in connection with renewable energy. Everyday, with the
raising price of oil, this affects not only the energy crisis in the Dominican Republic, but in our attaining the
MDGs because in order to attain them we must make key investments which we have highlighted in our
planning. These are the three challenges, Mr. Chairman, which we believe are very important in the
Dominican Republic, and there are other countries like us that are experiencing the same situation.
Thank you.
***
(Texto Original)
Sr. Presidente,
14th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-14)
Statement by the Representative of the Dominican Republic
Date: 5 May 2006
Session: Thematic Discussion: Enhancing means of implementation through sub-regional, regional, and
international cooperation
Delivered by: John R. Gagain Jr., Executive Director, Presidential Commission on the Millennium
Development Goals and Sustainable Development (COPDES)
www.copdes.gov.do
Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations ● 144 East 44th Street, 4th Floor ● New York, NY 10017
Tel: 212-867-0833/34 ● Fax: 212-986-4694 ● Web www.un.int/dr ● Email: drun@un.int 3
PERMANENT MISSION OF
THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
Una vez más le felicito por su liderazgo y a los miembros del panel por sus excelentes ponencias.
Sr. Presidente, el Dr. Shaghir del Banco Mundial mencionó, que los retos ante nosotros no sólo son asunto de
financiamiento, sino mas bien de reformas políticas y estratégicas. A esto, la República Dominicana
responde diciendo que son ambos factores.
No es sólo una cuestión de poca capacidad, o un asunto de capacidad que va desde las comunidades locales
por causa de las dimensiones de pobreza que vive la República Dominicana, sino la falta de capacidad,
cuando hablamos por ejemplo de energía, el fomento a las energías renovables, la situación mundial hace
cada día más difícil este asunto.
Entonces, la República Dominicana, para describir la situación, nuestro PIB es aproximadamente 29 mil
millones de dólares cada año, nuestro Presupuesto Nacional es de 7.5 mil millones de dólares cada año,
importamos 100% de nuestro combustible, entre un 3 y 8 % de energía es generada mediante plantas
hidroeléctricas, el resto de la electricidad que es generada en la República Dominicana es a través de los
combustibles petro-diesel y bunkersee, o sea, 2.5 millones de dólares de nuestro Presupuesto Nacional está
dedicado a la generación de energía y como he dicho importamos el 100% de nuestros combustibles.
Desafortunadamente, gastamos 35% de nuestro Presupuesto Nacional en energía, entonces, tenemos una
situación difícil de financiamiento, pero también de capacidad de aprovechar en una manera efectiva
energías renovables y alternativas.
Es lamentablemente que sepamos cuáles son las intervenciones concretas existentes para poder cumplir con
los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en el ámbito salud, educación, medio ambiente, porque hemos hecho
una Evaluación de Necesidades de los Objetivos del Milenio y un Análisis de Costos con la asistencia
técnica del Proyecto del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas, el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el
Desarrollo (PNUD) y las demás agencias de las Naciones Unidas en la República Dominicana (porque
somos unos de los países pilotos de dicho Proyecto del Milenio), y que al mismo tiempo, tengamos el
compromiso de gastar 35% de nuestro Presupuesto Nacional en energía.
14th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-14)
Statement by the Representative of the Dominican Republic
Date: 5 May 2006
Session: Thematic Discussion: Enhancing means of implementation through sub-regional, regional, and
international cooperation
Delivered by: John R. Gagain Jr., Executive Director, Presidential Commission on the Millennium
Development Goals and Sustainable Development (COPDES)
www.copdes.gov.do
Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations ● 144 East 44th Street, 4th Floor ● New York, NY 10017
Tel: 212-867-0833/34 ● Fax: 212-986-4694 ● Web www.un.int/dr ● Email: drun@un.int 4
PERMANENT MISSION OF
THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
Para contestar su pregunta, Sr. Presidente, sobre cómo podemos fortalecer la cooperación internacional,
regional y sub-regional, diríamos que primero, todos los países deben tener la oportunidad de contar con la
asistencia técnica del Proyecto del Milenio y el PNUD para realizar una planificación estratégica. Tenemos
que saber cuáles son las necesidades.
Como ha mencionado el representante de los Estados Unidos, la gente debe vivir localmente, es decir, que
nosotros en la República Dominicana estamos no solamente haciendo una Evaluación de Necesidades en el
nivel nacional, sino también, al nivel local; si queremos cumplir con los Objetivos del Milenio en la
República Dominicana, no sólo nacionalmente, sino por cada provincia, tenemos que evaluar cuáles son las
necesidades para poder saber cómo vamos a invertir, superar las alzas del precio del petróleo y todos los
problemas que vienen con la situación energética de nuestro país.
Además de la planificación estratégica y las oportunidades que vienen con ella, también debemos cumplir
con las necesidades de financiamiento. Obviamente con las cifras que hemos mencionado hoy, tenemos un
gran reto, ya que debemos dedicar un gran porcentaje de nuestro Presupuesto Nacional al financiamiento de
energía.
Tercero y último, debemos fortalecer las capacidades nacionales para energía renovable; cada día las alzas
de petróleo influyen, no sólo en la crisis energética de la República Dominicana, sino también en el
cumplimiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, porque para poder cumplir con ellos debemos
hacer las inversiones claves que hemos destacado a través de dicha planificación.
Estos son los tres retos que entendemos muy relevantes en la República Dominicana y sabemos que como
nosotros, hay otros países que están pasando por la misma realidad.
Muchas gracias Sr. Presidente.
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