United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Brazil

Statement by the
Delegation of Brazil
to the CSD-15/IPM
Climate Change
Mr. Chairman,
I would like to associate my delegation to the statement made by the
distinguished representative of Pakistan on behalf of the G-77/China. I also
thank the panelists for their presentations.
Any binding recommendations or decisions on this issue, including activities
of mitigation and adaptation, financing instruments and the future of the
climate change regime, must be considered solely under the UNFCCC
umbrella. In regard to the future of the international regime on climate
change, for instance, I recall that a process has already been set under the
Kyoto Protocol to determine the post-2012 second commitment period.
Another process was established under the UNFCCC to further enhance the
implementation of the Convention.
CSD and other fora can help understanding and exploring interlinkages
between climate change and other issues, such as promoting renewable
energies, but these discussions should not attempt to substitute or pre-empt
current talks under the UNFCCC regime.
I would like to comment on some aspects of the Secretary General?s report.
First and foremost, Brazil is concerned with the absence of any reference to
the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, established in the
Rio Declaration on Sustainable Development and enshrined in the UNFCCC
as the guiding force behind international cooperation on this matter. This
absence leads to a core deficiency of the diagnosis: It presents potential
future emission projections, and options on how to deal with them, without
any mention to the root cause of the rise in the planet?s temperature, namely
the accumulated emissions of greenhouse gases by industrialized countries
over the last 200 years.
Mitigation requires a broad range of policy and technical solutions. We
agree that international technology cooperation should be stimulated to help
developing countries access, develop and use clean technologies, including
North-South, South-South, and triangular cooperation initiatives.
On the proposed policy options:
In option 1, as CCS has also been highlighted as a technology option, we
would recommend highlighting the potential role of biofuels, which have
already proven to be a safe and sustainable option to fossil fuels.
In option 2, calling for an expansion of the range of CDM activities is, in our
view, premature, since it could jeopardize the environmental integrity of the
Kyoto Protocol. Furthermore, discussions on specific aspects of the CDM
should occur under UNFCCC and KP appropriate fora. Lastly, we believe
that the focus on market mechanisms as a means to provide stable incentives
and long-term horizon must be matched by a call for government action,
particularly from Annex I parties, in providing new and additional financial
resources.
Thank you.
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