United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Permanent Mission of
The Republic of Angola to the United Nations
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125 East 73rd Street, New York, N.Y. 10021
Your Excellencies Ministers-in-Charge of Environmental
and Sustainable Development Affairs,
Directors ofthe Executive Organs of the United Nations
Sustainable Development Committee,
Honorable Delegates,
Ladies and Gentlemen, .
Mr. Chairman,
My delegation fully aligns itself with the statement made by the distinguished
representative of Jamaica on behalf of the Group of 77.
It is with great honour and satisfaction to participate in the thirteenth session of the
Commission for Sustainable Development under its new thematic format and in
particular on the pertinent themes of water, sanitation and human settlements, given their
priority in Angola's development programs.
Please allow me, Mr. President, to refer to certain aspects I deem crucial and that are
related to the current status of sustainable development in my country.
A 1996 study concluded that only 33% of the Angolan population had access to potable
water, and that only 22% had access to adequate sanitation services. This study also
concluded that coverage reached 50% in urban areas, and only 15% in rural areas. In
spite of Angola's rich and diverse hydrographic network, sanitation services remain
precarious throughout the country; sewer systems cover merely 17% of the population in
4 out of 18 provinces.
These circumstances have a direct bearing in current high infant mortality rates as well as
other human development related indicators in Angola. With regards to human
settlements, the recent years have been marked by the resettlement of populations
displaced by the armed conflict. Approximately 3.8 million people were displaced by the
armed conflict. While some remained in refugee camps and benefited directly form
government and international community assistance, most followed a pattern of urban
migration establishing themselves in precarious slums lacking the infrastructure to allow
any intervention and often environmentally inhospitable for human settlement.
Mr. Chairman,
My government is dedicated to translating the recently arrived peace into meaningful
improvements in the lives of 14 millions inhabitants and continuing its path on the road
for sustained economic growth and sustainable development. Thus specific program such
as our Poverty Eradication Strategy; Water Sector Development Strategy; Pilot Water
and Sanitation Provision Plans for the Provinces of Angola; Child Education and
Instruction Upgrade Program; Social and Productive Reintegration Program; Special
Program for the promotion of Health and Primary Health Care; National Environmental
Education and Awareness Program; and the National Environmental Management
Program are being implemented.
In fulfilling its obligations on the implementation of the recommendations of the World
Summit on Sustainable Development, my Government promulgated its Environmental
and Water laws as well as approved an environmental awareness program. Furthermore,
we are making efforts towards the elaboration of the National Sustainable Development
Strategy and Plan.
I would like to take this opportunity to express my government's gratitude for the support
from the International Community in the elaboration of the National Environmental
Management Plan, the National Biodiversity Protection and Conservation Strategy and
Program, the National Action on Desertification Program, and the gradual elimination of
substances that have a negative impact on the ozone layer.
These reflect my Government's commitment to achieving the agreed development goals
and the targets arduously negotiated in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. As they
relate to human settlements, my government supports the alignment of its targets with
those corresponding to water and sanitation given its fundamental nature and multiplier
effect in development indicators.
Mr. Chairman,
The Commission on Sustainable Development is mandated by the Johannesburg Plan of
Implementation, to follow-up its implementation. We are certain that the Thirteenth
Session will adopt policy recommendations and decisions that will expedite the
implementation of the targets for Water, Sanitation and human Settlements. A key to
achieving these targets is the reaffirmation of the principle of common but differentiated
responsibilities that guided us in Johannesburg. There, we committed ourselves to
building a humane, equitable and caring global society, cognizant of the need for human
dignity for all.
National strategies and initiatives in developing countries must be accompanied by
actions from developed countries as well as from international organizations based upon
nationally owned needs assessments exercises.
In Angola, supportive coordinated and cohesive actions on the part of international
partners must recognize that 30 years of conflict created enormous challenges that cannot
be tackled by domestic resource mobilization alone. International support for the
continued consolidation of peace in Angola involves an intensified partnership for
financing technical and institutional cooperation, and human and institutional capacitybuilding
consistent with the nationally owned Poverty Reduction Strategy; promoting the
transfer and diffusion of technology; and supporting the productivity, diversity and
competitiveness of the economy thought a combination of financial and technological
support for the rehabilitation and development of social and economic infrastructure.
Thank you.