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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

The Village that Cares for Migrant Workers (DESBUMI)

Migrant CARE (
Non-governmental organization (NGO)

    Migrant CARE formed migrant worker groups and developed the DESBUMI (Village that Cares for Migrant Workers) initiative in 37 villages. DESBUMI is supported through local government regulations to provide village-based services for migrant workers before, during and after migration including: pre-departure training, financial literacy, case handling, and supporting access to government services and programs such as social protection and economic programs for former migrants.

    Expected Impact

    Using evidence from DESBUMI, Migrant CARE successfully advocated for the new Law on the Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers (No. 18 of 2017). Two thirds of Migrant CARE’s proposals for changes to the 2004 law on migrant workers were incorporated into the revised law. DESBUMI model has been established in 36 villages. By forming village-level migrant worker groups, migrant workers and their families are empowered to participate actively in government meetings on development planning and budgeting known as Musrenbang in all 8 districts. Through membership in women’s groups, DESBUMI has strengthened grassroots women’s leadership. A number of the members have been elected as members of the Village-level Consultative Body (BPD) in Banyuwangi, Wonosobo, Jember and Central Lombok. 

    In 2017 the Ministry of Manpower launched their ‘Desmigratif’ model for village-based services for migrant workers. Known as ‘Productive Migrant Village’ it is being rolled out in 50 districts across Indonesia, and was influenced by DESBUMI. During COVID-19 pandemic, this initiative enlarger for combatting COVID-19 in village level. This program was implemented in Indramayu,Wonosobo, Jember, and Banyuwangi and was initiated by Migrant Care. The COVID-19 pandemic declared by WHO (March 2020) had profound impacts on the migrant workers' community, both in destination countries and in their hometowns. Since then, many migrant workers had returned to their hometowns because of the economic contraction due to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. The Village that Cares for Migrant Workers (DESBUMI) and the local COVID-19 Task Force worked together to minimize the impact of the migrant workers’ arrival from abroad. The activities included dissemination about COVID-19, health protocol campaign, preparation of isolation places, as well as sewing masks and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).


    Migrant CARE and local NGO in five provinces, 7 districs and 38 villages. Working together with national government (especially Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Our direct beneficiaries are migrant communities at grassroots level. 

    Goal 3

    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

    Goal 3


    By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

    Maternal mortality ratio


    Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel


    By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births

    Under-five mortality rate


    Neonatal mortality rate


    By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases


    Number of new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population, by sex, age and key populations


    Tuberculosis incidence per 100,000 population


    Malaria incidence per 1,000 population


    Hepatitis B incidence per 100,000 population


    Number of people requiring interventions against neglected tropical diseases


    By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being

    Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease


    Suicide mortality rate


    Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol


    Coverage of treatment interventions (pharmacological, psychosocial and rehabilitation and aftercare services) for substance use disorders


    Alcohol per capita consumption (aged 15 years and older) within a calendar year in litres of pure alcohol


    By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents

    Death rate due to road traffic injuries


    By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes


    Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning satisfied with modern methods


    Adolescent birth rate (aged 10-14 years; aged 15-19 years) per 1,000 women in that age group


    Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all


    Coverage of essential health services


    Proportion of population with large household expenditures on health as a share of total household expenditure or income


    By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

    Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution


    Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (exposure to unsafe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH) services)


    Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning


    Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate

    Age-standardized prevalence of current tobacco use among persons aged 15 years and older


    Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all


    Proportion of the target population covered by all vaccines included in their national programme

    Total net official development assistance to medical research and basic health sectors

    Proportion of health facilities that have a core set of relevant essential medicines available and affordable on a sustainable basis


    Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States

    Health worker density and distribution


    Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks


    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and health emergency preparedness


    Percentage of bloodstream infections due to selected antimicrobial-resistant organisms

    Goal 8

    Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

    Goal 8


    Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries

    Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita


    Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors


    Annual growth rate of real GDP per employed person


    Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services


    Proportion of informal employment in total employment, by sector and sex


    Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, with developed countries taking the lead


    Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP


    Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP


    By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

    Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities


    Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities


    By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training

    Proportion of youth (aged 15-24 years) not in education, employment or training


    Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms


    Proportion and number of children aged 5‑17 years engaged in child labour, by sex and age


    Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment


    Fatal and non-fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 workers, by sex and migrant status


    Level of national compliance with labour rights (freedom of association and collective bargaining) based on International Labour Organization (ILO) textual sources and national legislation, by sex and migrant status


    By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products


    Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP and in growth rate


    Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all


    (a) Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults and (b) number of automated teller machines (ATMs) per 100,000 adults


    Proportion of adults (15 years and older) with an account at a bank or other financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider


    Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries

    Aid for Trade commitments and disbursements


    By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization


    Existence of a developed and operationalized national strategy for youth employment, as a distinct strategy or as part of a national employment strategy

    Name Description

    Established at 36 villages

    Replicated by Ministry of Labour as Desa Migran Produktif for 400 villages

    Financing (in USD)
    Support from DFAT Program (MAMPU) until 2020 -- USD 2.500.000
    Financing (in USD)
    Support from DFAT Program (INKLUSI) until 2023 - USD 800.000
    Financing (in USD)
    Support from Save The Children until 2020 - USD 80.000
    In-kind contribution
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    Action Network
    SDG Acceleration Actions
    01 January 2014 (start date)
    31 May 2028 (date of completion)
    Migrant CARE
    1. Asia and Pacific
    Geographical coverage
    West Java, Central Java, East Java, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara
    Other beneficiaries

    Migrant workers, women, children, persons with disabilities

    More information
    Contact Information

    Wahyu, Executive Director