United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Contribute to a hybrid governance to protect and manage remarkable areas of the high seas: the Thermal Dome and Sargasso Sea (SARGADOM project)

MarViva Foundation (NGO), Sargasso Sea Commission (multilateral body), University of Brest (Academic Institution). French Biodiversity Agency (Government) (
Non-governmental organization (NGO)
)
#OceanAction48064
    Description
    Description
    SARGADOM project aims to improve the protection of biodiversity and to maintain ecosystem services in two sensitive high seas areas: the Thermal Dome and the Sargasso Sea, and facilitate the design of hybrid ocean governance models. The Thermal Dome and the Sargasso Sea are two sites representative of the diversity and importance of high seas ecosystems. They perfectly illustrate the fact that ecological limits (such as the interconnectivity of ecosystems) do not correspond to the legal delimitations established by UNCLOS. They are dynamic systems, which move, shrink, and expand with currents and winds. The two sites are mainly located beyond national jurisdiction on the high seas, but may “encroach” permanently, regularly or from time to time on EEZs that are under the jurisdiction of States. The strategy proposed by the project is based on a DPSIR (Driving Force-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) analysis for each site, and an analysis of the current governance of the two sites and potential improvements, which will lead to the development of proposals to improve the governance and to agree to the establishment of appropriate conservation and management measures for the sites. It is hoped that the results of this work will help inform the implementation of future agreements on other high seas areas that wish to design area-based management tools (ABMTs). The knowledge gained will also support the development of agreements and action plans for the Thermal Dome and the Sargasso Sea. The project structure includes: i) A Steering Committee (project partners, Co-donors, representatives of the Advisory Board of Experts and key allies), which will oversee the overall strategic implementation of the initiative and the development of the operational components; ii) An Advisory Board of Experts to provide scientific and legal support to the implementation of activities; iii) Implementation teams at both sites (project managers, methodological coordinator, capacity building officer and technical experts from the main implementing partners and external consultants). The expected outcomes of the project are different for the two study sites. For the Thermal Dome, it is a set of multisectoral proposals for the governance and regulation of the high seas, with emphasis on fisheries and navigation, which will be presented to the UN stakeholders by interested Governments. For the Sargasso Sea Commission, it will be a Strategic Action Programme submitted for approval to key stakeholders including the Signatories of the Hamilton Declaration.
    Partners

    MarViva Foundation (NGO), Sargasso Sea Commission (multilateral body), University of Brest (Academic Institution). French Biodiversity Agency (Government). French Global Environmental Fund (FFEM) funding partner. Beneficiaries: Mesoamerica Region, Sargasso Sea region, High seas

    Goal 14

    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

    Goal 14

    14.1

    By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

    14.1.1

    (a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density

    14.2

    By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

    14.2.1

    Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas

    14.3

    Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

    14.3.1
    Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations

    14.4

    By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

    14.4.1
    Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels

    14.5

    By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information

    14.5.1
    Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas

    14.6

    By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation

    14.6.1

    Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

    14.7

    By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

    14.7.1

    Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries

    14.a

    Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

    14.a.1
    Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology

    14.b

    Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

    14.b.1

    Degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small‐scale fisheries

    14.c

    Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"

    14.c.1

    Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources

    Name Description
    14.2 <p>By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans</p>
    14.a <p>Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries</p>
    14.c <p>Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"</p>
    Proposals for governance and regulation of the high seas part of the Thermal Dome
    Strategic Action Programme submitted for approval to key stakeholders including the Signatories of the Hamilton Declaration.
    Staff / Technical expertise
    Technical support for developing governance proposals
    Other, please specify
    Political support to promote governance
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
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    Timeline
    01 September 2021 (start date)
    01 September 2025 (date of completion)
    Entity
    MarViva Foundation (NGO), Sargasso Sea Commission (multilateral body), University of Brest (Academic Institution). French Biodiversity Agency (Government)
    SDGs
    Other beneficiaries
    Bermuda Government Mesoamerica Region High Seas
    Ocean Basins
    South Pacific, North Atlantic
    Communities of Ocean Action
    Marine and coastal ecosystems management, Sustainable fisheries, Sustainable blue economy, Scientific knowledge, research capacity development and transfer of marine technology, Implementation of international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
    More information
    Countries
    Costa Rica
    Costa Rica
    El Salvador
    El Salvador
    France
    France
    Nicaragua
    Nicaragua
    United States of America
    United States of America
    Headquarters
    San Jose, Costa Rica
    Contact Information

    Haydée , Coordinator Thermal Dome Initiative