United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Canada is undertaking marine spatial planning processes across the country with the commitment to have four first-generation marine spatial plans by 2024

Government of Canada (
Government
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    Description
    Description

    Canada is advancing Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) processes in five geographic areas that will be informed by the best available science and knowledge through collaborative governances structures consisting of federal, provincial, territorial and Indigenous partners and other stakeholders. The MSP process is tailored to the collaboratively developed goals, vision and objectives of the geographic area. MSP is cyclical in nature and will result in marine spatial plans that are reviewed over time. Fisheries and Oceans Canada has committed to have four first-generation marine spatial plans by 2024. By working together to identify marine areas suitable for economic development and conservation, the process of MSP helps foster resilient, sustainable, and future-oriented ocean sectors, even in crowded ocean spaces. In enabling greater coordination amongst governments, the MSP process provides greater certainty to industry stakeholders and others whom may have an interest in a given geographic area. As such, MSP is a critical activity to not only support the Minister’s mandate commitment to conserve 25 per cent of our oceans by 2025, and 30 per cent by 2030 and ensuring the work remains grounded in science, Indigenous knowledge and local perspectives, but also an important tool to enable economic growth in existing and emerging ocean sectors.

    Partners

    Fisheries and Oceans Canada (lead department) along with other federal departments; provinces, territories, Indigenous Peoples and other stakeholders.

    Goal 14

    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

    Goal 14

    14.1

    By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution

    14.1.1

    (a) Index of coastal eutrophication; and (b) plastic debris density

    14.2

    By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

    14.2.1

    Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas

    14.3

    Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

    14.3.1
    Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations

    14.4

    By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

    14.4.1
    Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels

    14.5

    By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information

    14.5.1
    Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas

    14.6

    By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation

    14.6.1

    Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

    14.7

    By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

    14.7.1

    Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries

    14.a

    Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

    14.a.1
    Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology

    14.b

    Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets

    14.b.1

    Degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small‐scale fisheries

    14.c

    Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of "The future we want"

    14.c.1

    Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources

    Name Description
    14.2 <p>By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans</p>

    Development of first generation plans for four regions: Pacific North Coast, the Pacific South Coast, the Bay of Fundy / Scotian Shelf, and the Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves

    Staff / Technical expertise
    No progress reports have been submitted. Please sign in and click here to submit one.
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    Timeline
    01 January 2018 (start date)
    31 December 2024 (date of completion)
    Entity
    Government of Canada
    SDGs
    Other beneficiaries

    N/A

    Ocean Basins
    North Pacific, North Atlantic
    Communities of Ocean Action
    Marine and coastal ecosystems management, Sustainable blue economy
    Countries
    Canada
    Canada
    Headquarters
    Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Contact Information

    Jessika, Policy Analyst