Targets and Indicators
Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies
Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Number of countries that have communicated the establishment or operationalization of an integrated policy/strategy/plan which increases their ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development in a manner that does not threaten food production (including a national adaptation plan, nationally determined contribution, national communication, biennial update report or other)
Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
Number of countries that have integrated mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning into primary, secondary and tertiary curricula
Number of countries that have communicated the strengthening of institutional, systemic and individual capacity-building to implement adaptation, mitigation and technology transfer, and development actions
Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year starting in 2020 accountable towards the $100 billion commitment
Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities <br> <br>* Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, <br>intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change.
Number of least developed countries and small island developing States that are receiving specialized support, and amount of support, including finance, technology and capacity-building, for mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change-related planning and management, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
Progress and Info
Despite setbacks from COVID-19, preliminary data show global greenhouse gas emissions increased in 2020. The past six years, 2015–2020, are likely to be the six warmest on record. Climate change puts the achievement of many SDGs at risk. In order to limit warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels as called for in the Paris Agreement, global efforts would need to reach net zero CO2 emissions globally around 2050.
As of April 2020, 118 countries and territories have reported the development and adoption of national and/or local disaster risk reduction strategies, increasing from 48 countries and territories during the Sendai Framework’s nascent period in 2015.
As of 31 December 2020, 190 Parties (189 countries plus the EU) had communicated their first NDC, of which 44 are LDCs and 40 are SIDS. A further 48 countries (of which one is an LDC and five are SIDS) have also communicated a second or updated NDC. Thirty-nine of 48 NDCs included adaptation information in their new or updated NDC. The NDCs illustrate that countries are articulating more quantified targets and indicators for adaptation, and identifying links between adaptation, SDGs, and other frameworks.
As of 31 March 2021, 125 of 154 developing countries are undertaking measures for national adaptation plans (NAPs) and are prioritizing formulation and implementation of NAPs in their adaptation efforts. Six LDCs (including three SIDS) and additional four SIDS have completed a NAP. More LDCs have a draft NAP and are on track to complete and submit these in line with the vision of all LDCs having their NAPs by 2021.
In order to limit global warming to 1.5°C, scientists recommend that by 2030 global emissions should be cut by 45% compared to 2010 levels. Compared to 2010, emissions from developed countries fell by approximately 6.2% in 2019, while emissions from developing countries (comprising 70 countries) rose by 14.4% in 2014.
Climate-specific financial support reported by Annex I Parties continues to increase, reaching an annual average of $48.7 billion in 2017-2018. This represents an increase of 10% over the previous 2015–2016 period on a comparable basis. While over half of all climate-specific financial support in the period 2017-2018 was targeted to mitigation actions, the share of adaptation support is growing, and many countries are prioritizing adaptation in their provision of financial support.
Source: Advance unedited copy of 2021 report of the Secretary-General on Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals