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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Progress on achieving SDG 6

Namibia’s arid climate, coupled with a high evaporation rate, makes it the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa. This has a great impact on water availability and reliability. Water scarcity continues to be a serious constraint in achieving economic, environmental and social development objectives.

With highly variable and unpredictable rainy seasons, the priority is given to water for domestic purposes, including livestock, and the second priority is water for economic activities such as mining, industries and irrigation.

Regarding sanitation in Namibia, water-borne sewerages are the main sanitation systems in urban areas, while dry sanitation systems are mainly used in rural areas. Low access to improved sanitation constitutes a serious public-health problem.

Access to Safely managed Drinking Water Services Access to safe potable water remains a critical commitment by the Government. By end of the 2021/22 Financial Year, Namibia targets to achieve 100% and 95% in urban and rural areas, respectively. However, it is a challenge to quantify the achievements towards increased access to safe drinking water.

Access to Safe Sanitation and Hand-washing Facilities with Soap Against a target of 12,500 toilets per year, a total of 4,244 sanitation facilities were constructed in urban areas through housing development and the ongoing bucket toilet elimination initiatives. This figure, however, does not include a large number of sanitation facilities provided through the upgrading of informal settlement areas.

Moreover, 4,493 toilets were constructed in rural areas. The underperformance is largely attributed to budgetary constraints. The target of training 5,347 households on sanitation self-build approaches and effective hygiene practices was exceeded as 5,683 households were trained.

In addition, two sanitation programmes were implemented in 2020 under the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) COVID-19 Emergency Response Programme, which was implemented in partnership with UNICEF. This programme completed a one-year pilot phase in July 2020 and scaled up from August to December.

Read the full report there: VNR_Report_Namibia


*The information reflected on this page has been taken directly from the official VNR received from this Member State. The information does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations.