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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Progress on achieving SDG 6

The proportion of households using improved drinking water services is quite high nationally, reaching 89.27% in 2019 and increased to 90.21% in 2020. However, access to safely managed drinking water services still needs special attention since it was only 11.9%

The proportion of households using improved sanitation services (including safely managed sanitation) has increased by 2.14% within a year, from 77.34% in 2019 to 79.53% in 2020.

As part of sanitation, the proportion of households using a handwashing facility with soap and water has also risen from 76.07% to 78.3% during 2019-2020.

The water quality index in 2020 was 53.53 or an increase of 0.91 from the previous year. However, it has not met the target of 55.1. The main parameters that cause the index to not reach the target are Biological Oxygen Demand, Dissolved Oxygen/Oxygen Demand, and Fecal Coli. This shows that the source of pollutants from domestic activities is still dominant as the cause of the decline in water quality.

Efforts to supply drinking water services still face challenges, including challenges in governance for the provision of drinking water, and commitment and capacity of local governments as the main implementers of the Drinking Water Supply System.

Regarding the provision of access to improved sanitation services, it is necessary to optimize the operation of the Wastewater Treatment Plant, Fecal Sludge Treatment Plant, and the Domestic Wastewater Management System.

In the management of groundwater and raw water, challenges include the low level of raw water supply services; problems of quantity and quality of water (3T: too much, too little, too dirty); and problems of monitoring of water quality; and utilization of technology to ensure the quantity and quality of raw water that is safe and feasible in a sustainable manner

Read the full report here: VNR_Report_Indonesia


*The information reflected on this page has been taken directly from the official VNR received from this Member State. The information does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations.