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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Progress on achieving SDG 6

Following the philosophy that lucid water and lush mountain are invaluable assets, China has accelerated the transition towards green development. China has won the three critical battles to keep its sky blue, water clear, and soil pollution-free and made remarkable headway in holistic protection and treatment of its mountains, rivers, forests, farmland, lakes, grassland, and deserts.

Water quality has improved significantly. By the end of 2020, 98.2 % of the 2,914 black and odorous water bodies in cities at or above the prefecture level were cleaned up; the proportion of surface water of good or moderate quality rose to 83.4%; water quality in all sections of the trunk stream of the Yangtze River reached Category II for the first time; 82.3% of the Bohai Sea’s coastal waters were of good or moderate quality. Lakes reaching Categories I, II and III for water transparency increased from 90.1% in 2015 to 92.5% in 2019.

Water sources at or above the county level have been cleaned up, ensuring safe drinking water for 770 million residents. By the end of 2020, there had been a fairly complete rural water supply system, with 83% of the rural population having tap water. Excess fluorine in and poor taste of rural drinking water became a thing of the past.

Water-saving techniques have been promoted including dry farming and highly efficient irrigation facilities like sprinkler, drip irrigation and rainwater collecting cellar. The coefficient of effective water utilization in farmland irrigation exceeded 0.56 in 2020.

Read the full report here: VNR_Report_China


*The information reflected on this page has been taken directly from the official VNR received from this Member State. The information does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations.