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United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development


Progress on achieving SDG 6

Afghanistan, with an endowment of significant freshwater sources, is still struggling to increase the accessibility of safe drinking water to its citizens. The total annual renewable water resources per capita have fallen from 5,000 cubic meters per person in 1990 to less than 2,000 cubic meters in 2017. Similarly, the storage capacity of dams per capita fell from 88.89 cubic meters per capita in 2002 to 55.35m3 per capita in 2017. This is the result of weaker domestic water resources management and investments as well as institutional overlapping and discoordination.

The Supreme Council of Water, Land, and Environment established a governing body that focuses on water resources management and sustainable development with the consideration of the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) principle.

However, the proportion of the population with access to improved drinking water increased from 27.2% of the population in 2007 to 73.8% in 2020. Access to basic drinking water in urban areas is much higher (94.3%) than in rural areas where only 68.2 % have access.The proportion of the population using safely managed sanitation services had a target of 55% by 2020 and, fortunately, the target was met in 2017.

Read the full report here: VNR_Report_Afghanistan


*The information reflected on this page has been taken directly from the official VNR received from this Member State. The information does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations.