United Nations经济和社会事务部 可持续发展

United States of America

Submitted by the United States Delegation to the
14th Session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Obstacle/constraint
Lesson learned
Case Study
Next steps
Obstacle/constraint
Lesson learned
Case Study
2) Sustainable Rural Electrification Models
Next. steps I Replicating Bangladesh model in other countries .
* - Case study listed in CSD Matrix
+ - Case study to be submitted to Secretariat during CSD-14
L1 .5,J
SESSION TOPIC : IMPROVING ACCESS TO ENERGY SERVICES
Electrification, including rural electrification : overcoming infrastructure, financing, policy and
institutional barriers
ions for Increasin Access to Electrici in Slums
May 2 10 :00-1 . 0
Conf. Rm . 4
Overcoming the social and economic conditions in slum communities to deliver electricity
services in a financially viable and sustainable manner .
Access to energy services can be dramatically increased in slum communities through
innovative utility programs that involve a range of stakeholders - end-users,
community leaders, NGOs, and the private sector - in distribution, bill collection, and
financing.
Ahmedebad, India-Slum Electrification Pilot Program*
USAID supported an alliance between the private sector utility, the municipality, and two local NGOs
to improve electricity service to households living in informal, urban settlements in Ahmedebad,
India. The NGOs served as intermediaries between the stakeholders and assisted the slum dwellers
with financing and acquiring the appropriate documentation regarding land ownership so that they
would be eligible for legal electricity service . Under this scheme, 820 households were upgraded
from illegal and unreliable service ; the utility is in the process of rolling out the program to an
additional 115,000 poor urban households . See CSD Matrix. for more information
May 1-12 Point of contact on U.S. delegation : Simone Lawaetz (slawaetz@usaid gov)
Lessons from the pilot are being incorporated in USAID programs to electrify slums in cities
in India, Angola, and Brazil .
Unsustainable rural electrification efforts resulting from lack of long-term political
commitment, community participation and poorly conceived financial and maintenance
plans.
Long-term government commitment, community participation and ownership are
critical to sustainable rural electrification .
Bangladesh Rural Electrification Program
USAID pioneered the Bangladesh Rural Electrification Program in 1976 and to date has contributed
$210 million to this effort focused on establishing rural electric cooperatives . This program helped
establish the Rural Electrification Board as a semi-autonomous agency under the Government of
Bangladesh . Rural electrification programs have created 67 rural cooperatives that provide electricity
to over 38,000 villages, covering over 28 million people in rural areas . 96% of rural electric
cooperative customers pay their bills with payments totaling $277 million annually .
Point of contact on U.S. delegation: Gordon Weynand (gowevnand(Rusaid.gov)
Ma' 2 10 :00-1 :00
14Th Session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Conf. Rm . 4
Submitted by the United States Delegation to the
3) Cooperative ownership models mobilize finance for rural energy
Obstacle/constraint I Lack of finance for rural energy.
Lesson learned
Case Study
Next steps
Additional examples
Rural cooperatives are an important ownership and financing model for rural energy
generation and distribution .
United States-Rural Cooperatives for Wind Energy
Cooperatives have long provided access to energy in rural America and are increasingly seen as
opportunities for using wind energy for power and economic benefit. For example, in Minnesota,
seven utility-scale wind turbines are owned by a group of farmers and rural businesses . Under this
model, owners receive one vote in the governance of the cooperative per share purchased . Investors
are local, and the energy is sold and used locally. Through this model, electricity is provided to
approximately 6,000 households. This approach works at a range of scales and for a variety of
renewable energy sources . Point of contact on U.S. delegation : Ken Hinga
(kenneth. hin-aa@fas. usda.zov) or Adela Backiel (adela, backiel a usda . zov)
Cooperatives and similar ownership models should continue to be replicated for the delivery
of energy services .
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Solar PV for Public Buildings and Health Clinics in Uganda and Tanzania*
?
Renewable Energy Resource Assessment for Stimulating Investment in Sri Lanka and the Maldives*
?
Clean Energy Financing in Central America - the CAREC Facility*
?
Microcredit for Farmers to Install Biogas Plants in Nepal*
Local Capacity Development for Better Energy Governance --- the Caucasus Environmental NGO
Network*
?
Solar Water Heating for Municipal Infrastructure Delivery in South Africa*
?
Methane to Markets : An international public-private partnership to advance the recovery and use of
methane as a clean energy source*
?
Electricity Governance Toolkit*
?
Guatemalan Power Sector Reform
?
Capacity Building Assistance for Rural Electrification (Zambia)*
?
Combined Heat & Power Partnership*
?
USAID report "Innovative Approaches to Slum Electrification" at
www.usaid .gov/our work/economic growth. and trade/en.ergv/pubs/slumelectexec.pdf
?
Guatemala Lighting, Cell Phones, Refrigeraton and Tele-Education for Rural Sustainable Development'
?
West Africa Power Pool+
Solar electricity for rural Native American lands +
* - Case study listed in CSD Matrix
+ - Case study to be submitted to Secretariat during CSD-14