United Nations经济和社会事务部 可持续发展

Thailand

Thank you Mr. Chairman,
First of all, I would like to commend the panelists for their
excellent presentation.
Mr. Chairman,
The Royal Thai Government has determined to strengthen our
energy strategy, particularly on energy efficiency. We are of the
opinion that energy efficiency does not only contribute to the
economic development of our country but also plays a critical
part of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. During the past 15
years, the ratio of energy consumption to the GDP of the
country has signi ficantly increased. Presently, Thailand?s
energy elasticity is 1.4:1. The government, therefore, set the
desirable target to reduce the ratio of energy consumption
growth rate to the GDP growth rate from 1.4:1 to 1:1 by the year
2007.
This target would be achieved through the effective implementation
of energy conservation measures both voluntary and compulsory.
The implementation is mainly focused in the two major energy
intensive sectors, including transportation and industrial sectors,
which hold a share of 37 % and 36 % of energy consumption. The
incentive measures to induce energy conservation such as tax
exemption and special investment and financial support program for
industries implementing energy efficiency program, have been
applied.
The implementation of others measures such as the enforcement of
the Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) for electrical
appliances and energy-efficiency labeling for cars as well as the
promotion of Energy Conservation Certification system for
factories. The promotion of energy production systems with
efficient combined use of energy in industrial sector will also
supportively expedite the process of energy elasticity reduction in
Thailand.
According to our experiences in implementation of the energy
efficiency strategy, we found that public awareness and
appropriate incentives are vital. Unfortunately, sometimes the
government intervention in the area of energy, particularly
subsidy for oil price, turns to be disincentives for enhancing
energy efficiency. In this regard, we would like to see that
measures concerning climate change and atmospheric problems,
such as CDM, carbon tax etc., would be the significant incentive
to enhance energy efficiency.
Thank you.
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