United Nations经济和社会事务部 可持续发展

Japan

Mr. Chairman,
The transport sector is an important basis for economic growth, but also one
of the major sources of CO2 emissions. CO2 emissions from this sector in
Japan account for almost one-fourth of its total emissions. Japan has been
promoting various measures against climate change such as the
improvement of fuel efficiency and the promotion of public transportation.
Japan is tackling the improvement of fuel efficiency of automobiles by
implementing fuel efficiency standards, and introduced standards based on
the ?Top Runner approach? in 1999. Japan has achieved a 50% improvement
in fuel efficiency over the last 20 years. Japan has also been promoting public
transportation which generates fewer emissions than other means of
transportation, by developing railway networks in urban areas as well as a
bullet train network among cities across the country. Improvement of the
efficiency of distribution is also facilitated in Japan under the Green
Logistics Partnership Conference. As a result of those various measures,
CO2 emissions from Japan?s transport sector are decreasing after peaking
out in 2001.
Japan takes the initiative to enhance global efforts to combat climate change
and air pollution in the transport sector through the Ministerial Conference
on Global Environment and Energy in Transport (MEET). Through the 1st
meeting of MEET held in January 2009 in Tokyo and its Follow-up Meeting
in June 2009 in Hakodate, transport ministers, officials and experts
shared their experiences and expertise to accelerate concrete actions by
individual countries as well as to further facilitate international
cooperation, with a view to realizing low-carbon and low-pollution transport
systems. In addition, Japan, in collaboration with UNCRD, has established
the Asian Regional EST Forum and facilitated cooperation among Asian
countries through policy dialogue towards the realization of environmentally
sustainable transport in Asia. Japan will continue to take the lead in sharing
experiences and best practices across countries, and assisting efforts by
developing countries, as well as to contribute to global efforts through
Japan?s environmentally friendly transport technologies for railways,
automobiles and so forth.
As for Paragraph 56 of the Report of the Secretary-General, it would be
difficult and not practical to appropriately attribute emissions from
international aviation and maritime transport to particular economies,
because international transport involves many parties across the world, such
as countries of operators, passengers, cargo owners, ship owners, and ship
registries. Considering such global nature and complexity of this issue,
Japan believes that the issue should be tackled by all the parties together.
Furthermore, it is Japan?s view that the expertise and scientific knowledge of
ICAO and IMO are essential to address emissions from international
aviation and maritime transport. Therefore, Japan believes that ICAO?s and
IMO?s efforts to combat climate change in these sectors should be embraced
and supported.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
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