United Nations经济和社会事务部 可持续发展


Statement delivered by Honorable Minister Dr. Omar Figueroa, Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries, Forestry, the Environment, Sustainable Development & Climate Change to the
United Nations Ocean Conference
6 June 2017, New York
Mr. Co-presidents,
On behalf of the Government and people of Belize, I wish to extend our congratulations to you
for the initiative and leadership you have demonstrated to support the implementation of
sustainable development goal 14.
For the first time since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, we are
jointly examining two agendas - the environmental and the development - that have long
existed in parallel and that are better understood for their tension than for their synergies.
The 2030 Agenda compels us to abandon those conceptual silos and to forge integrated
approaches for sustainable development.
As a first step, Belize considers it essential that we understand the magnitude of our challenges
so that we can devise coordinated solutions to overcome them. And we must ensure that
those solutions are underpinned by good science, good practices; and that they benefit all
The st ate of the world's ocean already reflects a narrative of the impacts of the present and the
past. It tells largely of humanity's threat to one of its most vital resources. There is perhaps no
certainty of how far and how deep those impacts are felt but there is no denying that the
oceans are changing before our own eyes.
Not only are our oceans warming and driving the pace of climate variability and sea level rise,
but they are also becoming saturated with carbon dioxide ( CO2 ). Ocean acidification is having
untold impacts for life in the oceans and for small island developing states (SIDS) this is coupled
with increasing risks of coastal acidification.
These changes in the ocean are fundamental changes for us. They are not mere environmental
phenomena; they are a matter of people's lives, their property and essential infrastructure.
They are a matter of survival.
The changes and the impacts upon the oceans are unequivocally consequences of our own
action and their continued deterioration, a result of our inaction.
Yet, no one disputes the value of the world's ocean. We all are conscious that healthy oceans
and seas are fundamental to human welfare and that they are an important part of the earth's
life support system.
Our foremost challenge then is reconciling our own relationship with the oceans.
We cannot continue to impose fragmented solutions to what is essentially one massive
ecosystem. We need a more holistic ecosystem based approach to oceans sustainability.
Belize's experience with its small scale fisheries is a testament to the value of this approach.
We utilize a combination of tools including integrated coastal zone management, marine
protected areas, traditional and indigenous approaches, and co-management involving local
Belize boasts an extensive network of marine protected areas that amounts to 21 percent of
our coastal and marine areas. This is a tremendous accomplishment considering that only one
third of the 232 marine ecoregions [worldwide] have attained or surpassed the global
benchmark target of 10 percent. And we are committed to increase the percentage of no-take
zones by a further 10 percent before 2020.
Belize is also the only country in the world to have developed a national multi-species system
of marine tenure and zoning, locally known as managed access. This system has proven reliable
as a tool to empower traditional fishers to protect their fishing area.
One of the challenges to ecosystem based management is the availability of analytic and
scientific tools for its implementation. Here again, Belize is working on an international
scientific partnership to use a data-limited approach for setting harvest controls on catch that
will prevent and reverse overfishing. This innovative approach will establish Belize as a proof of
concept for the science-based management of small-scale fisheries.
Finally, Co-presidents, the importance of effective governance from the local up to the global
cannot be understated.
Strong institutions and legal frameworks are a fundamental pillar to Belize's approach to
marine conservation and fisheries management. But our national actions alone are not
We rely on existing global and regional frameworks and arrangements to reinforce our national
efforts. For Caribbean SIDS, strengthening our regional indigenous institutions with better
science and stronger institutional capacity is therefore a priority.
At the global level, we need a more coherent governance framework. And we need to ensure
that it is comprehensive including for marine biological diversity of areas beyond national
Together these global and regional arrangements if rationalized, connected and strengthened
could provide a working global ocean governance framework that will enable conservation
and sustainable use.
Belize is committed to being a responsible steward of the world's ocean.
We have fully embraced SDG 14 and are well on track to meeting the targets of that goal. And,
we will not stop there. Belize has registered voluntary commitments that will take us beyond
those targets.
We look forward to partnering and leading in the implementation of SDG 14. For the sake of
our people, we can ill afford to do less.
I thank you for your attention.