United Nations经济和社会事务部 可持续发展

Serbia

SERBIA
Dear colleagues,
I come from Serbia, country with the central position in South
East Europe. I belong to a Government strongly dedicated to improve
the conditions of living of our citizens and economy based on the
economic reforms, political stability, cooperation within the region and
international surrounding.
After a period of stagnation, the economy of Serbia is recovering
and is one of the very few countries that have obtained GDP growth in
these hard times. GDP growth for Serbia for 2016 is established to
about 2.7% and for the next year, prominent world institutions
predicted a growth of 3.5 of GDP.
Growth of economy is due to acquired measures of fiscal stability,
institutional reforms and reconstruction. In the previous few years we
have done a lot in order to enhance legislative framework in Serbia.
Business environment is being improved and the needs for investments
are huge. Serbia has attracted over €26 billion of inward foreign direct
investment since 2000.
The Republic of Serbia dedicated to full extent comprehensive
implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
adopted at the highest level of General Assembly of the United Nations
on 15 September 2015 that we recognize as the key strategy for
eradication of poverty and hunger, providing education and health for
all, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, transport and
sustainable energy and sustainable development of the Planet based on
the fight against climate changes, which is our essential obligation and
our debt to the generations to come.
The Republic of Serbia has actively, as a member of the Open
Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals, participated in
negotiations leading to adoption of this transformative Agenda with the
key objective that not a single person is neglected or left aside. Serbia
has also been a member of the Intergovernmental Committee of
Experts on Sustainable Development Financing, whose work has been
crowned by adoption of the Action Agenda from Addis Ababa in July
2015.
We thoughtfully and responsibly approach the realization of the
obligations that we participated in formulating and we have
incorporated institutional assumptions or Governmental
interdepartmental working group for implementation of the Agenda of
Sustainable Development with the task to compose a new strategy of
sustainable development of the country to 2030 and the strategy of its
financing.
The 2030 Agenda of Sustainable Development includes the subgoal
11.2 dedicated to sustainable transport, within the global goal
dedicated to sustainable cities, by which the international community
has committed itself to, up to 2030, ensuring safe, accessible and
sustainable transport systems for all and improving traffic safety
specifically trough the process of expanding public transport and paying
particular attention to the needs of vulnerable categories such as
women, children, disabled and elderly.
The UN Member States have committed themselves, as defined in
sub-goal 11.4, to significant decreasing of the cities impact to
deterioration of the environment and specifically the air quality up to
2030, whereby it is known that transport systems and vehicles
significantly pollute air.
The International Community committed itself, as defined in subgoal
3.6 within global goal 3 to ensuring health living for all, to
decreasing by half the mortality and injuries in traffic accidents up to
2020 that shall require serious efforts, bearing in mind high mortality in
traffic accident.
The comprehensive implementation of the Agenda of Sustainable
Development shall not be possible provided the sustainability of global
transport systems is not ensured, which is the key goal and task of this
Conference.
Serbia makes serious efforts towards the promotion of its
sustainable road infrastructure, airport capacities and transport
systems for more efficient connection to the Region and the world as a
whole.
Total value of all infrastructural projects in Serbia is around 14.7 billion
euros. Some of the projects are currently in progress, but some of them
will carry out in the future period of time. The finalization of the
projects from the area of railways, roads, waterborne transport and air
transport will mean that Serbia has fulfilled its mission and become an
integral part of modern world.
The way of implementation of ongoing transport infrastructure projects
is confirming that regional and at least continental approach is applied.
Our main concern was to modernize, reconstruct, and where needed
build new facilities on main European transport Corridors. Highway
Corridor 10, from the north-west border of Serbia (Hungary) to the
south east (Macedonia) will be fully operational in 2017, when just few
missing km will be finished. These projects were mainly financed
through EU and other international sources.
A concrete example of construction of the most important corridors,
such as the corridor connecting Serbia and Montenegro, i.e. highway E-
763, is currently in construction with partners from Azerbaijan and
China the result of which will soon be the completion of 120 km of this
important highway.
Railway Corridor 10 is also being modernized and reconstructed up till
now mainly on EU and international funds.
New element in the railway reconstruction is inclusion of funds and
constructors from Russia and China on the Belgrade to Hungary section.
Section from Belgrade to Montenegro is also been financed from
Russian loan. Through IPA founds we will construct first intermodal
terminal in Belgrade, in order to facilitate transport as well as to
support sustainable transport development in Serbia.
This brief review of the ongoing transport projects in Serbia confirms
our experience in cooperation with regional initiatives such as WB6,
main European planning and network development as well as Chinese
Sill< road, continental and maritime continental initiative.
We are very active in Western Balkan 6 process, with our neighbors and
European Commission. Implementing priority transport infrastructure
projects recognized through WB6 as well as implementing soft
measures, following these projects, we are doing our best in order to
facilitate transport and trade through the region. Parallel with this,
together with European Commission, we developed single project list
for transport, energy and environment. 24 transport projects have been
identified. Main transport routes from Western Balkans has been
identified and approved as a part of Trans European Transport
Corridors, Mediterranean, Orient East Med and Rhine Danube Corridor.
As you can see from my statement we are aware how much we need
modern and sustainable transport system in Serbia and how dedicated
to its implementation we are. I hope that next Conference will be the
opportunity to show the progress we will have in upcoming days.
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