United NationsDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs Sustainable Development

Enhancing Food and Water Security through Cooperation and Capacity Development in Arab Region


    The project was conducted to study the impact of expected climate change on food production in the Arab region using the projected climate change data obtained from RICCAR project as inputs in the Aquacrop model prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAO Which simulates water productivity and different environmental conditions (climate - soil - field and irrigation management ...) for crops


    Qualifying and training a team from each of the participating Arab countries on using GIS to obtain expected climate change data from the outputs of RICCAR project, and using Aquacrop model, selecting one or more strategic crops, and preparing the data necessary to run the model. Conducting simulations for the selected crops, assessing the impact of expected climate changes on food production, and preparing final reports for the case study, including proposals and recommendations to adapt for the potential negative impact of climate change

    Contribution to SDG Implementation

    Scientific studies indicate the possibility of increasing fluctuations in water availability as a result of climate change impacts. The project aims to validate this hypothesis through a scientific evaluation process of agricultural production in the Arab region as a result of changing water availability at the regional and national levels. This assessment process requires the availability of reliable forecasts of climate and hydrological parameters at the regional and national level, which can be obtained from the outputs of the Regional Initiative to Assess the Impact of Climate change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region (RICCAR) and to develop proposals and recommendations to adapt for the potential negative impacts of Climate Change (Thirteenth Goal of SDGs)

    Implementation methodologies

    - Preparation of Training manual Using AquaCrop model to evaluate the impact of climate change on crop production consisted of two parts: theoretical part explaining the program's components and an application part which included detailed practical exercises covered all the program capabilities, and User Guide of AcquaCrop model: translation of Chapter 2(User Guide) of the Program Documents published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations- FAO. conducting the following training, technical support and backstopping: - first training workshop was held at the end of October- 2017 for five national teams at the United Nations House (UN-ESCWA) in Beirut for a week. The training included a detailed theoretical explanation of the background details of the and practical exercises. - second training workshop was held at the end of November -2017 for the other five national teams at the United Nations House (UN-ESCWA) in Beirut for a week. - Checking and correcting the data sent by each national team after the two training workshops, about crop studied in each country and the accompanying environmental conditions collected by each team for the case study in their countries. - A third training workshop was held at the end February - 2018 for all ten national teams at the United Nations House (UN-ESCWA) in Beirut for a week. Each team presented the progress of case study that was implemented, the work of each team was discussed and corrected. Technical support and backstopping training in 2018 for: • National team of Sudan: Apr /2018. • National team of Yemen: May /2018 (held in Beirut). • National team of Tunis: Jun /2018. • National team of Lebanon: Jun /2018. • National team of Iraq: Aug /2018. • National team of Jordan: Sep /2018. • National team of Palestine: Sep /2018 (held in Amman). • All national teams: Sep /2018 GIS Training course. - Follow-up, auditing and correction of data used in case studies and providing technical support to all teams during the application of the model and auditing and correction of prepared reports until the final version of the report.


    National teams from the Arab countries participating in the project, prepared national reports to assess the agricultural production of a certain number of crops in specific areas under the influence of climate change. These national reports include proposals and recommendations to adapt to water availability variations as a result of climate change

    Factors and Constraints

    The Swedish International Cooperation and Development Agency (Sida) provided funding, The project was implemented through partnership, cooperation and coordination with member countries and the following bodies: The League of Arab States and its ministerial councils and specialized organizations The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands - ACSAD FAO / Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa-FAO Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia - ESCWA

    Sustainability and replicability

    The proposals and recommendations resulting from the case studies contribute to adapting to the fluctuations of water availability resulting from climate changes and maintaining and improving food production. The project was implemented in ten Arab countries for some strategic crops (one or more crops) in each country and can be generalized to other regions and more crops in these countries. It can also be applied in other countries

    COVID-19 Impact

    The project was implemented before COVID-19 outbreak

    Contact Name
    Geographical coverage

    Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Sudan, Tunisia, Yemen and Bahrain

    15 June 2016 (start date)
    21 February 2019 (date of completion)
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