United NationsDépartement des Affaires Économiques et Sociales Développement Durable

Russia

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STATEMENT
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New York, April 21, 2005
Permanent Mission
of the Russian Federation
to the United Nations
136 East 67th Street
New York, NY 10021
Unofficial translation
Check against delivery
Dear Mr. Chairman,
Dear colleagues,
Russia attaches great importance to the Commission on Sustainable
Development and, in particular, its activities on the implementation of the outcomes
of the WSSD on water, sanitation and human settlements.
We support the approach taken in the thematic reports of the Secretary-General
to the CSD-13 that emphasizes the importance of integrated multi-sectoral and
balanced solutions for comprehensive implementation of the WSSD outcomes on
water, sanitation and human settlement. There is a need to enhance joint efforts of
governments, public and private organizations, as well as other stakeholders to
advance implementation within the framework of national programmes of action. In
this respect, we would like to underscore that relevant . activities should take into
account economic and social factors in keeping with the specificities and priorities at
national, sub-regional and regional levels.
The Russian Federation is committed to the implementation of the WSSD
outcomes, in particular those related to water and sanitation. The National Programme
"Development of the water resources complex of Russia (Water of Russia-XXI)" is a
vivid example of our commitment. Turning political commitments of the WSSD into
practical actions is high on our national agenda, as demonstrated by the adoption of
new legislative acts, increased budgetary allocations for implementation of relevant
federal programmes and a more active role of the private sector in providing basic
services of water supply and sanitation.
Major improvements will have to be made to water supply and sanitation:
development of advanced models of management and a modern methodology for the
establishment of joint public-private management companies, promotion of
innovative forms of financing for water and sanitation projects, fostering international
cooperation and strengthening partnerships, inter alia, the CIS component of the
European Union's "Water Initiative" of which the Russian Federation is a participant.
In this regard it would be important to step up collaborative efforts of states
within the framework of the International Decade for Action "Water for Life", 2005-
2015 that is called upon to take a wide range of practical measures on water and
sanitation.
Sustainable development of human settlements is a priority among the core
policy issues of the Russian Federation at all levels. In keeping with the collaborative
efforts at the international level Russia continues to contribute to the implementation
of the JPOI goals on human settlements. 2004 was a milestone in the process of
fundamental legislative reform in housing and urban development. These reform have
created a solid foundation for the launching this year of national programmes
specifically designed to upgrade the public utilities infrastructure and promote the
market of affordable housing.
2
Russia fully realizes the urgency of the human settlements problems and in this
context we would like to highlight the important role played by UN-Habitat in
fostering international cooperation and promoting the goals of sustainable
development of urban and rural settlements. Russia also attaches great importance to
the implementation of the recommendations of the Habitat II Conference in Istanbul
contained in its main policy document - "Habitat Agenda".
According to the available data and estimates, we expect further acceleration of
urbanization in Russia that will exacerbate the trend towards increased consumption
of natural resources for urban development. That's why sustainable and secure
development of urban settlements, including adequate and safe housing, is now
becoming a core strategic issue. In this connection, we strongly support the principle
of sustainable human settlements development contained in the "Habitat Agenda" and
proclaimed in the "Declaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New
Millennium" adopted by the 25th Special Session of the UN General Assembly in
2001. Affordability and quality of housing, along with high standards of public
utilities, now represent a key factor of human resources development in our country.
The transition to a market economy led to the development of new national
housing policy guidelines. In keeping with the principles of sustainable development,
this policy promotes an integrated approach to housing that take into account
interlinkages among infrastructural components of human settlements, waste
management, land use and transportation systems. Strategic plans of socio-economic
development and long-term federal programmes provide an overall framework for
policy implementation. Necessary steps are also being taken to ensure that these
strategic programmes address specific national circumstances and target both different
sectors of the economy and segments of the population.
We share the view that governments should be the driving force in the
mobilization of financial resources and development of credit systems. There is a
need to facilitate the demand in housing and relevant services by enhancing the
effectiveness of financial institutions that play catalytic role in the promotion of the
market of affordable housing.
We believe that the outcomes of this session will provide renewed impetus to
long-term implementation activities that address priority issues of adequate housing
for the most disadvantaged segments of the population and will constitute a major
contribution to the attainment of the ultimate goal of sustainable development of
human settlements.
Thank you.
Stakeholders