Rehabilitation of degraded land
The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry lands (ACSAD) is an Arab organization working within the framework of the League of Arab States to support Arab efforts in agricultural development. One of the main tasks of ACSAD is to address the challenges facing arid and semi-arid areas in the Arab region, especially to address the adverse effects of desertification, drought and land degradation through the development of scientific research, project implementation and capacity building to promote the sustainable management of natural resources and improve the living conditions of people in affected areas. There for ACSAD focused on the desertification issues in the Arab region through conducting research, studies and implementation of applied projects, in addition to holding training courses and workshops
1. Implementation of the sub-regional action program to combat desertification in West Asia 2 -. Monitoring and assessing desertification and land degradation in the Arab region based on the integration between remote sensing techniques and field works , 3-Conducting studies and Implementation projects to combat desertification and rehabilitation of degraded lands in cooperation with the concerned national institutions in the Arab countries 4- Issuing publications related to desertification and land degradation including ( results of land degradation studies – thematic maps – results of monitoring and assessing desertification and land degradation processes - the state of desertification in the Arab world - sand dunes Encyclopedia - extension pamphlets)
• Fixing soil surface and stopping wind and water erosion • Increasing moisture due to evaporation and transpiration decreasing. • Rebalancing ecosystem and positive development of vegetation cover • Improve physical and chemical properties of soil and reduce dust and sand storms •Enhance organic matter formation and re-growth of bacterial and fungal life and increase soil fertility • Preserve the genetic diversity of plant and animal groups within the new ecosystem. • Provide an environment free of contaminants, especially fresh air. • Creating balanced development through the development of the performance of available natural resources •Improve income generating due to Increase fodder production and grazing capacity. • Reduce immigration and create a new jobs facilities for local people. • The increasing of financial returns from animal and plant products increased food security and support poverty alleviation
A range of activities related to training and raising awareness among local communities were carried out which are : A: Implementation of campaigns, public forums and home visits were held B: Organize a training course for farmers and students to familiarize themselves with the causes of environmental degradation and management rehabilitated areas. C: Implementation of awareness campaigns to move the community and participate in farming operations and receivership and rehabilitation. D: Organize a training course for workers in the projects in various disciplines related to combating desertification. The important constrains faced by the work are the availability of manpower and materials to implement some activities, especially those related to mechanical fixation of the moved sand and sand dunes, as well as the lack of conviction of some local residents with the environmental, social and economic feasibility of the projects It was overcome by relying on locally available materials, activating the participatory approach of local communities, and intensifying awareness campaigns
The implementation methodology of the activities characterized by simple application in order to provide the transfer of applied procedures to larger areas, taking into account the low costs and the use of locally available materials, with emphasis on the participation of local people and raise their awareness towards the processes of desertification and land degradation by different means and ways
The negative impact of Covid 19 was on the follow-up of activities in the Arab countries as a result of the difficulty of travel and transportation to work areas, implementation of soil conservation activities, application of measures to rehabilitate degraded lands, implementation of awareness campaigns for local communities, and implementation of training activities at work sites Work is underway to overcome these constrains through media means and ways to communicate with stockholders, and to strengthen the role of relevant national institutions to implement local activities under the guidance of ACSAD experts.
SDGS & Targets
Deliverables & Timeline
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