United NationsDépartement des Affaires Économiques et Sociales Développement Durable

Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

1
Statement
on
behalf
of
CARICOM
By
H.E.
Mr.
Dennis
Francis,
Ambassador,
Director,
Multilateral
Relations
Division,
Ministry
of
Foreign
Affairs
Trinidad
and
Tobago
At
the
10th
Session
of
the
Open
Working
Group
on
Sustainable
Development
Goals
on
Economic
Growth;
Industrialization;
Infrastructure;
Energy
*******************************
United
Nations
Headquarters
2
April,
2014
2
I
speak
on
behalf
of
the
fourteen
(14)
Member
States
of
the
Caribbean
Community
(CARICOM).
CARICOM
aligns
itself
with
the
statements
delivered
by
Bolivia
on
behalf
of
the
G77
and
China
and
Nauru
on
behalf
of
AOSIS.
You
would
note,
Mr.
Co
Chair
that
the
goals
and
targets
I
will
propose
in
this
statement
support
and
refine,
in
many
instances,
those
put
forward
by
the
delegation
of
Nauru
on
behalf
of
AOSIS.
Energy
CARICOM
member
states
would
support
a
sustainable
development
goal
on
“Ensuring
access
to
sustainable
energy
for
all”.
Sustainable
energy
is
the
very
foundation
of
sustainable
development,
but
is
notably
absent
from
the
MDGs
framework.
Sustainable
energy
is
necessary
for
meeting
the
MDGs
and
lifting
people
out
of
poverty
and
is
critical
to
achieving
food
security,
water
and
sanitation,
transportation,
health
and
education
goals,
among
others.
We
emphasise
that
in
order
to
effectively
address
climate
change
as
a
cross
cutting
issue
sustainable
energy
development
must
be
prioritized
in
all
countries.
A
goal
on
Ensuring
access
to
sustainable
energy
for
all
should
include
targets
in
the
following
areas:
-­‐
Universal
access
for
both
women
and
men
to
modern
energy
services
-­‐
Increased
deployment
of
cleaner,
including
low
or
zero
emissions,
energy
technologies
-­‐
Expand
the
share
of
renewable
energy
in
the
global
energy
mix,
in
the
short
medium
and
long
term
-­‐
Double
the
development
and
global
use
of
energy
efficiency
practices,
technologies
and
standards
in
building,
industry,
agriculture
and
transport
by
2020
-­‐
Expand
on
the
provision
of
infrastructure
for
access
to
modern
energy
services,
as
well
as
provision
of
reliable
and
sustainable
transport
and
communications,
including
road
and
rail
links,
ports
and
ICT
connectivity
-­‐Halve
the
incidence
of
morbidity
and
mortality
from
energy
related
air
pollution
by
2030
-­‐
Promote
sustainable
industrial
development,
based
on
energy-­‐and-­‐resource-­‐efficient
and
environmentally
sound
industrial
processes,
including
phase
out
of
harmful
chemicals,
waste
and
pollution,
minimising
material
use
and
maximizing
material
recovery.
Means
of
implementation
on
this
issue
could
include:
-­‐ Building
institutional
and
individual
capacity
to
develop
and
manage
the
transformation
to
a
low
carbon
economy
-­‐ Creating
an
enabling
environment
that
supports
development
of
a
low
carbon
economy,
that
is
solidly
on
a
path
of
job-­‐creating
growth
3
-­‐ Technology
Transfer
for
the
production
of
base
load
and
peak
electric
power
from
sources
other
than
petroleum
and
for
its
efficient
use
in
the
production
of
goods
and
services.
-­‐ Establishment
of
financial
mechanisms
to
support
capacity
building
and
investment
in
the
transformation
to
a
low
carbon
energy
economy
-­‐ Assistance
with
the
design
and
implementation
of
harmonious
energy
policies
and
sub-­‐sector
polices
to
promote
the
appropriate
types
of
renewable
energy
resources
and
energy
efficiency
and
conservation
policies
that
facilitate
collective
action
-­‐ Implementation
of
a
public
education
and
awareness
programme
to
promote
the
benefits
of
transitioning
to
a
low
carbon
economy
ensuring
universal
access
to
modern
energy
services
Economic
growth
We
see
scope
for
the
development
of
a
stand-­‐alone
goal
in
this
area
on
“Achieving
sustained
and
inclusive
economic
growth
for
sustainable
development”.
Infrastructure
and
industrialization
are
both
fundamental
pre-­‐requisities
for
economic
growth
and
so
we
do
not
view
them
as
stand
alone
goal
areas.
We
have
previously
outlined
targets
on
infrastructure
in
the
areas
of
health,
water
and
sanitation,
and,
in
this
statement,
on
energy.
In
our
view,
targets
on
infrastructure
could
also
be
incorporated
in
the
context
of
a
goal
on
sustainable
cities
and
human
settlements,
about
which
we
will
speak
in
the
coming
days.
Targets
that
could
be
prioritized
in
the
context
of
a
goal
on
economic
growth
for
sustainable
development
include:
The
following
targets
which
address
the
issue
of
employment
and
decent
work
for
all:
-­‐
Fostering
entrepreneurship
through
promoting
the
development
of
small,
micro
and
medium
sized
enterprises:
(a
shared
goal
with
employment).
We
stress
the
need
for
the
inclusion
of
micro
enterprises
in
our
considerations
as,
they
essentially
define
the
character
of
business
and
investment
in
countries
of
small
size
and
narrow
resource
base
like
ours.
-­‐
Ensuring
equality
of
economic
opportunities
for
all,
including
marginalised
groups
-­‐
Promoting
full
employment
through
macroeconomic
policy
And
the
following
additional
targets:
-­‐
Reducing
transaction
costs
of
remittances
-­‐
Ensuring
favourable
market
access
for
industrial
products
and
processed
commodities
of
developing
countries
Means
of
implementation
in
this
area
should
address:
4
-­‐
enhancing
debt
sustainability
in
small,
vulnerable,
highly
indebted
middle
income
countries;
-­‐
the
development
of
creative
models
for
concessionary
financing
for
these
countries;
-­‐
prioritization
of
the
development
and
the
use
of
alternatives
to
GDP
and
GNI
as
measures
of
overall
development.
Alternative
measures
must
take
into
account
the
economic,
social
and
environmental
vulnerabilities
faced
by
countries
such
as
those
in
the
CARICOM
sub-­‐region
and
other
SIDS.
Industrialisation
The
current
treatment
of
the
focus
area
on
industrialisation
in
the
co
chairs’
document
is
heavily
focused
on
manufacturing
and
the
promotion
of
a
growth
model
that
is
not
applicable
to
the
national
circumstances
of
many
countries,
including
several
within
CARICOM.
In
our
view,
targets
on
industrialization
should
therefore
be
incorporated
in
the
context
of
a
possible
goal
on
sustainable
consumption
and
production,
as
well
as
in
the
context
of
a
goal
on
economic
growth,
in
a
manner
which
is
flexible
enough
to
be
applicable
to
all
countries
and
to
the
various
growth
models
countries
may
have
adopted
to
secure
their
sustainable
development.
Infrastructure
The
following
target
areas
on
infrastructure
should
be
prioritized
in
the
context
of
a
sustainable
development
goal
on
sustainable
cities
and
human
settlements:
-­‐
Expansion
in
the
use
of
policies
and
standards
to
ensure
that
due
account
is
taken
of
the
environmental
and
social
impacts
of
existing
and
planned
infrastructure
from
a
lifecycle
perspective.
-­‐
Promoting
the
planning
and
building
of
climate
resilient
infrastructure
in
response
to
the
need
for
disaster
risk
reduction.