United NationsDepartamento de Asuntos Económicos y Sociales Desarrollo Sostenible

Turkey

PERMANENT MISSION OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS
13" SESSION OF THE COMMISSION
ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
STATEMENT BY
H.E. AMBASSADOR BAKi ILKIN
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF TURKEY TO THE UN
New York, April 21, 2005
I
821 UN Plaza, 10th Floor, New York, NY 10017

Tel. 212.949.0150
Fax 212.949.0086
Mr. Chairperson,
Distinguished Delegates,
My delegation aligns itself with the statement made by the distinguished
Representative of Luxemburg on behalf of the European Union. However, given
Turkey's geography, climatic conditions and the level of its socio-economic
development, I wish to make several additional points.
The World Su ?. on Sustainable Developm was a benchmark eve
placing sustainable : = velopment, at the forefro
the international age
The
Summit prod . - ? an ambitious Plan of i ementation. Accordin o the Plan
importan sponsibility falls upon go rnments to reduce po
by providing
their izens with basic services.
Let me start
efforts to mee
Unemplo
cities i
nee
welling up
DGs in the field
nt and lack of adequate
urkey. Making adequate
o fully attain the targets especially with respect to
sanitation due to lack of ancial resources which has b a major constraint f
all developing cou ies. However, we initiated ousing program wit the
objective of re ?, cmg poverty and improving t living standards of t `urban
poor". Acct s mg to the program slum dw ers will be transferred clean and
sanit urban areas. To this end, th construction of approx ately 100.000
re ences in large cities has been s
Another initiat
settlement pro
by provin
sanitary and clean enviro
will b - erovided with clean and sam
ich Turkey has recentl
he aim of this project is
, -
on Turkey's ex
e with respect to nati
d of Ovate anitation and human se ments.
san ion constitute the main pro ! ems facing
e elter available and access . e to meet the
tion in urban areas also re .: ins a challenge for
en is the agriculture rural
educe immigration to an areas
nt in rural areas. Up t . 500 families
residences through thi itiative.
2
Mr. Chairman,
Turkey regards water as the engine of sustainable development. Poverty and
hunger cannot be reduced without efficiently utilizing water resources. The
provision of safe drinking water and basic sanitation for all in accordance with the
agreed targets is a major challenge which requires action at a global level. Another
factor which necessitates action is the presence of over 260 trans-boundary rivers
on the globe with 40 per cent of the world population residing in their basins.
Investment se three fields will immen y contribute to economic
growth and s enable development. Protectio efficient manage water
resourc s another prerequisite for susta
e development.
Water shortage, drought, frequent floods and lack of sufficient energy
resources undermine the economic development of many developing countries.
African countries are generally trapped in poverty as they are not able to utilize
their water potential. Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation could
not be achieved without storing water and that there is an urgent need for building
more water infrastructures to store water during the rainy seasons in order to use
throughout the year. It is obvious that developing countries have no choice but a
build dams, small or large depending on the size of their rivers to this end.
As regards the situation in Turkey, we have recently revised our water policy
taken into consideration Turkey's present and future water and energy needs, its
fast growing and rapidly urbanizing population, and the on-going EU accession
process. Priority has been given to utilize water resources in an efficient manner.
We focused on the protection of the quantity and the quality of the available
resources but more importantly on providing safe drinking water and water for
sanitation for urban and rural settlements.
Another priority of the Turkish Government has been to eliminate regional
disparities in terms of socio-economic development. The development of the least
developed regions in Turkey is critical to secure the overall prosperity of the
Turkish people by creating new jobs for a dynamic young population.
Against this backdrop, Turkey has developed one of the world's largest
sustainable development projects. The Southeast Anatolia Project (GAP) is based
on harnessing the water and land resources of southeast Turkey. GAP stands as an
example of a successful transition from simple water management to a modern and
efficient water management. In addition to providing safe drinking water, water for
3
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