United NationsDepartamento de Asuntos Económicos y Sociales Desarrollo Sostenible

Indonesia

Indonesia would like to associate itself with the statement of the G-77 and China.
On Chemicals
The availability of chemicals is essential for meeting the social and economic needs of
the world community. While significant progress has been made in managing chemicals
in a sound manner we must not blind ourselves to the fact that the mismanagement of
chemicals could gravely affect human health and the environment.
To ensure the implementation of sound chemicals management, we offer the following
thoughts:
First, a more sustainable funding mechanism should be at the disposal of developing
countries so that they can comply with multilateral agreements. This should be done
without reducing financial support for each of the Conventions. The Quick Start
Programme, for instance, should be further enhanced so that it becomes a permanent
funding mechanism similar to the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol.
Secondly, having access to cost-effective technologies and sufficient scientific
information in order to develop environmentally-sound policies can be a challenge for
developing countries. This must be remedied if local bodies are to develop the capacity
for risk-assessment and to put preventative measures in place to achieve risk-reduction.
Thirdly, instead of using chemical management as a new non-tariff trade barrier,
Indonesia urges our international partners, especially developed countries, to continue
helping developing countries mainstream sound management of chemicals into their
national development plans in accordance with the principle of ?common but
differentiated responsibilities?.
On Waste Management
Mr. Chairman,
On the issue of waste management, there are at least four issues which must be
considered:
First, The role of local government and local communities is vital to minimize waste
production. We need to equip these stakeholders with highly effective and cheap
technologies capable of meeting local needs as well as empowering them to develop
their indigenous management capacities.
Second, management of the different types of waste necessitates cooperation and
support from the private sector. The government could provide incentives to industries
to enable them to use cleaner production processes and formulate green product
policies.
Third, some countries are impacted negatively by hazardous waste coming from other
countries, including toxic chemicals and e-waste. As a result, there is an urgent need for
developing countries to build their capacity to deal more effectively with
transboundary movement of hazardous waste as well as to develop or strengthen their
expertise for hazardous waste management. In addition, to prevent illegal
transboundary movement of hazardous waste, we need to strengthen the role of the
Basel Convention.
Fourth, the effective implementation of sound waste management requires tremendous
efforts and resources and alternative solutions. Implementation of 3R?s approach may
serve as one of solutions and should be further explored. As we reap benefits from this
approach, it is important to enhance countries? capacity in 3R through regional
cooperation including partnership between developed and developing countries. In this
context, we need to enhance the capacity of the Basel Convention Regional Centers
(BCRC). BCRC can also serve for regional capacity building for both sound chemicals
and waste management.
I thank you.
Stakeholders