United Nationsإدارة الشؤون الاقتصادية والاجتماعية التنمية المستدامة

Republic of Korea

Thank you Mr. Chairman,
Chemicals are directly related to human health. Thus, while they have played a central role in
economic growth, improving standards of living, and protecting public health, their risk
assessment is essential.
In order to protect workers, my government is assessing the risks of new chemicals and notifying
concerned businesses of the risks. The information is also made available to the public at any time
through the information network of the Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA).
Among the chemicals circulated in Korea from 1988 to 2009, approximately 600 chemicals were
assessed and designated as chemicals that require management. Moreover, chemicals designated
as toxic through this process are classified and labeled as such and the information of their risks is
published.
At the same time, my government is working with major industrial complexes, petro-chemical
complexes, and manufacturers and importers of chemicals by enhancing their awareness of risks
of chemicals, holding seminars, providing professional educational courses, and producing and
distributing leaflets.
Mr. Chairman,
Our Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) system has been implemented since 2000.
Until now, the information on chemicals was made public only by the type of chemical and
industry. However, in order to induce businesses' voluntary emission reductions and to secure the
public's right to information, from 2008 the emissions of each business started to be disclosed. In
June this year, the emissions of a total of 4,010 businesses will be disclosed.
As a result of our continuous monitoring of dioxin emissions, it has been confirmed that the
policies such as the "dioxin emission standards" were effective. In 2007, the proportion of dioxin
emissions in the air above Korea decreased by 81% compared to 2001, when its emissions were
first recorded.
Mr. Chairman,
In order to make proper assessments of health impacts of large-scale development projects and to
come up with countermeasures, my government introduced in January 2010 a "health impact
assessment system."
In addition, in order to create a healthy and safe society without the threats of environmental
diseases, we prepared the "10-year Comprehensive Plan for Environmental Health" with the goal
of becoming an environmentally advanced nation through minimization of the population at risk.
To carry out the plan, around USD690 million will be invested over 10 years.
Mr. Chairman,
In 1987, the WHO designated asbestos as a class 1 carcinogen. We prohibited manufacturing,
import and use of some types of asbestos beginning in 1997, and in 2009 all types of asbestos
were prohibited. However, there are people suffering from diseases related to past use of asbestos.
In this regard, the "Asbestos Damage Relief Act," which mandates provision of a designated level
of medical expenses and living allowances to the patients suffering from asbestos-related diseases,
was enacted in March of this year and will be enforced in January 2011. Under the act, the
"Asbestos Damage Relief Fund" will be established, and it is expected that by 2015 more than
3,000 asbestos disease sufferers will receive economic benefits.
Mr. Chairman,
As the Stockholm Convention designates PCBs as major persistent organic pollutants and the
international community is making full-fledged efforts to eliminate them, the Republic of Korea is
also pursuing early elimination of PCBs through promotion of chemical treatment and
incineration.
A voluntary agreement was signed in November 2004 between NGOs, the Ministry of
Environment, and the Korea Electric Power Corporation, which is a user of transformers, the main
source of PCBs, forming the PCB policy council. The council was formed in 2005 to prepare a
"Road Map for Proper Disposal/Treatment of PCBs." For eco-friendly treatment/disposal of
PCBs-containing waste, four chemical treatment (including cleaning treatment) facilities and three
high-temperature incineration facilities are in operation.
Mr. Chairman,
We have to enhance regional and global monitoring of the impacts of long-range transboundary
materials through international cooperation. There is also a need to scale-up education and training
programs for developing countries' in order to enhance local monitoring capacity and ensure
proper treatment of concerned materials.
Lastly, I would like to cite one other key issue. A GHS comparative study conducted by Korea,
Japan, China on 20 chemicals from 2008 to 2009 showed that each nation's experts used different
materials for classification of the same chemical so some results were different. It is possible that
this trend is similar in other regions as well.
As such, my government hopes that GHS comparative studies between nations and regions are
further facilitated and there will be more global efforts for coordination of classification and
labeling of chemicals. We also hope that other nations will also establish the GHS so that the
information on chemicals can be more easily shared and that trading of chemicals can be further
promoted based on that.
Thank you.
Stakeholders